Many of these people fled oppression and poverty in Burma and in some cases fighting in Burma's civil war. Today they are a tourist attraction in Thailand.
15,000 refugees in a camp in Cambodia who could not return home due to the presence of landmines.
UN repatriation of 360,000 Cambodian refugees from camps in Thailand.
Kachin state, Burma
Aung Zaw in exile. A former student who fled the military crackdown in Burma in 1988, Aung Zaw went on to become founder and editor of The Irrawaddy magazine.
Refugee children from Burma at school in Mae La camp, Thailand
UNHCR ensured people would be returned to their homeland in safely and with dignity. Here thousands were taken to Cambodia only to be displaced again by shelling.
Myo Myint (centre) a political refugee from Burma at a protest in New York demanding an end to the abuses of Burma's army.